The watershed development projects implemented by SJSM
Watershed is defined as any surface area from which runoff resulting from rainfall is collected and drained through a common point. It is synonymous with a drainage basin or catchment area. A watershed may be only a few hectares as in small ponds or hundreds of square kilometres as in rivers. Its major functions are: Collect rainfall water. Store water in various amounts and for different periods. Release water as runoff.
Watershed development refers to the conservation; regeneration and the judicious use of all the natural resources particularly land, water, vegetation and animals and human development within the watershed.
SJSM has given major emphasis on soil and water conservation and implemented various watershed development activities. In Drought prone areas SJSM has initiated activities like catchment area treatment, afforestation drive on wastelands, conservation and efficient use of water through drip and sprinkler irrigation, green manuring, mulching and organic farming etc.
Work was conducted in:
2 districts – 4 blocks – 33 villages – Total area under treatment 21,021 hectares
Names of district – Satara, Raigad.
Names of blocks – Man, Satara, Patan, Mhasala
Integrated Command Area Development Project (ICADP)
SJSM also worked on Integrated Command Area Development Project (ICADP) in Tembu and Krishna Koyna Lift Irrigation area in Sangali district of Maharashtra. The primary objective is facilitating in establishing Water User Associations (WUAs) providing extension support, capacity building, monitoring and advice in the development of integrated command area development with a shared vision.
Work was conducted in:
1 districts – 3 blocks – 120 villages
Names of district – Sangli, Names of blocks – Miraj , Kadegaon, Tasgaon.
Springshed Development Project
A spring is a place where water from beneath the ground naturally flows out to the surface. A spring shed is the area of land that contributes groundwater to a spring.
In the hilly areas of Western ghat regions the spring sheds are life line for the rural community. They provide water for both irrigation as well as drinking water. Due to destruction and degradation of natural resources and adverse impact of climate change over a period of time, these springs are getting dried up causing severe water scarcity during summer. There is an absolute need for conservation and storage of water through scientific spring shed development approach. So SJSM implemented Spring shed Development Project in 6 villages of Patan block of Satara district, Maharashtra. Nabard and Atlas Copco India limited are supporting this new innovative initiative.