Since ages, Scheduled Tribes have been victims of socio-economic exploitation. They have been relegated to low income generating occupations, inferior trades, unhealthy environment and unclean unskilled occupations. Although direct visible untouchable practices may be declining in many parts of the country, caste rigidities continue to confine many Schedule Tribe workers in demeaning occupations, which put them at a disadvantage when compared to other communities. The forces of urbanization, social and protective legislation, positive discrimination and other measures taken by the Government, have led to gradual improvement in occupational mobility and living standards over the years. However, the living conditions of the majority of Scheduled Tribes continue to show socio-economic backwardness.